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Risk Factors and Behaviours of Schoolchildren with Myopia in Taiwan
Han-Chih Cheng, Koyin Chang, Elizabeth Shen, Kai-Shin Luo, Yung-Hsiang Ying
Publication: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

Published in 2020

Key Highlights:

  • This study investigated the risk factors for myopia and their influence on the progression of myopia in schoolchildren in Taiwan.
  • Patients’ clinical records were obtained retrospectively from ophthalmologists. Questionnaires were given to collect demographic information, family background, hours spent on daily activities, myopia progression, and treatment methods.
  •  From a regional medical hospital in northern Taiwan, 522 schoolchildren with myopia participated in the study.
  • Written informed consent was obtained from participants of legal age or the parents or legal guardians of younger children.
  • Multivariable regression analyses were performed. Myopia measured in cycloplegic spherical equivalent (SE) was analysed, controlling for patients’ family and demographic information as well as their daily activity behaviours.
  •  Children with high myopic parents were more myopic.
  • Earlier onset age of myopia was associated with a higher level of myopia and greater annual myopic progression.
  • Children reporting longer time usage of electronic devices had greater progression of myopia. Boys tended to be more myopic than girls.
  • Lower levels of myopia were associated with more outdoor activities, and better vision care knowledge in children and parents.
  • In addition to genetics, education and environment can influence the development of myopia.
  • Health policies for schoolchildren should promote protective activities and vision care knowledge at a young age, to protect the eyesight of schoolchildren.

To access the study, click here

To download the full report, click here: Risk Factors and Behaviours of Schoolchildren with Myopia in Taiwan

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