Published in 2020
- This study investigated the risk factors for myopia and their influence on the progression of myopia in schoolchildren in Taiwan.
- Patients’ clinical records were obtained retrospectively from ophthalmologists. Questionnaires were given to collect demographic information, family background, hours spent on daily activities, myopia progression, and treatment methods.
- From a regional medical hospital in northern Taiwan, 522 schoolchildren with myopia participated in the study.
- Written informed consent was obtained from participants of legal age or the parents or legal guardians of younger children.
- Multivariable regression analyses were performed. Myopia measured in cycloplegic spherical equivalent (SE) was analysed, controlling for patients’ family and demographic information as well as their daily activity behaviours.
- Children with high myopic parents were more myopic.
- Earlier onset age of myopia was associated with a higher level of myopia and greater annual myopic progression.
- Children reporting longer time usage of electronic devices had greater progression of myopia. Boys tended to be more myopic than girls.
- Lower levels of myopia were associated with more outdoor activities, and better vision care knowledge in children and parents.
- In addition to genetics, education and environment can influence the development of myopia.
- Health policies for schoolchildren should promote protective activities and vision care knowledge at a young age, to protect the eyesight of schoolchildren.
To access the study, click here
To download the full report, click here: Risk Factors and Behaviours of Schoolchildren with Myopia in Taiwan