Spotlight on Brazilian Vision Economics

The Pan-American Association of Ophthalmology is the oldest ophthalmic organization in the world, with Latin America’s per capita ratio of ophthalmologists now rivaling that of Europe and North America. Latin America is developing the infrastructure to provide eye care and prevent vision problems to an incredibly diverse population.

The Vision Impact Institute would like to highlight studies that feature Brazil. We have three powerful studies that reveal the impact on economic productivity of poor vision, visual health on academic development, and the prevalence of amblyopia and low visual acuity in school-aged children in Brazil.

Please follow the links below and examine the important findings!

Health and Schooling Evidence and Policy Implications for Developing Countries

A direct link between health status (visual and nutritional) and school attainment and cognitive achievement was examined in students in Northeast Brazil. The test models employed in this study reflect the importance of visual acuity for student grade attainment and achievement, with vision impairment being a barrier for learning and progression in school.

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Amblyopia Care and Prevalence Among Pre-School Children

The presence and care of amblyopia was examined in 12814 pre-school children ages 4-6 in Campinas, Sao Paulo, Brazil. Of the 2.8% of children diagnosed with functional amblyopia, only 19.9% had had a previous eye exam, and only 1.9% correctly followed the prescribed treatment. Suggestions for early detection and treatment of amblyopia were presented.

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Prevalence of low visual acuity in public school’s students from Brazil

Low visual acuity (VA) was examined in first and fourth graders in Brazil determining whether sex, wearing of glasses, residential area, school grade, or level of access to supplementary medical assistance affected one’s VA. There were statistically significant findings in all of the above categories, emphasizing the need for early diagnosis and continuity of assistance.

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Please don’t hesitate to share your comments online on the study page. Or, let us know what studies we are missing at the institute. Our resources, though solidly populated, are expanding daily with your help.