Research

RESEARCH

Studies and Reports About the Impact of Vision Health

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180 Research Papers
Global variations and time trends in the prevalence of childhood myopia, a systematic review and quantitative meta-analysis: implications for aetiology and early prevention New

Published in 2016 Key Highlights: The aim of this review was to quantify the global variation in childhood myopia prevalence over time taking account of demographic and study design factors. A systematic review identified population-based surveys with estimates of childhood myopia prevalence published by February 2015.  Increase in myopia prevalence with age varied by ethnicity. […]

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The association between time spent outdoors and myopia in children and adolescents: a systematic review and meta-analysis New

Published in 2012 Key Highlights: To summarize relevant evidence investigating the association between time spent outdoors and myopia in children and adolescents (up to 20 years). Results from 7 cross-sectional studies were pooled in a meta-analysis. A further 16 studies (8 cross-sectional not meeting criteria for meta-analysis; 7 prospective cohort studies; 1 randomized, controlled trial […]

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Digital Screen Time During COVID-19 Pandemic: Risk for a Further Myopia Boom? New

Published in 2020 Key Highlights: The purpose of this study is to review the impact of increased digital device usage arising from lockdown measures instituted during the COVID-19 pandemic on myopia, and make recommendations for mitigating potential detrimental effects on myopia control. Review of studies focused on digital device usage, near work, and outdoor time […]

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A review of current approaches to identifying human genes involved in myopia

Published in 2008 This study was referenced as part of a systematic review The Impact of Uncorrected Refractive Error on Children completed in January 2020. Link to online study: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18045248 Download PDF Here

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Heritability of refractive error and familial aggregation of myopia in an elderly American population New

Published in 2007 This study was referenced as part of a systematic review The Impact of Uncorrected Refractive Error on Children completed in January 2020. Link to online study: https://iovs.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2125423 Download PDF Here

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