Published in 2014
- The objective of the study was to assess the prevalence of uncorrected refractive error and its associated factors among school children in Debre Markos District, Ethiopia.
- Four hundred thirty two students were randomly selected using a multistage stratified sampling technique.
- Students with visual acuity less than 6/12 had undergone further examination using auto refractor and cross-checked using spherical and cylindrical lenses.
- Out of 432 students selected for the study, 420 (97.2%) were in the age group 7–15 years. Overall prevalence of refractive error was 43 (10.2%).
- Myopia was found among the most dominant 5.47% followed by astigmatism 1.9% and hyperopia 1.4% in both sexes.
- Female sex, higher grade level, and using computers regularly were significantly associated with refractive error.
- The burden of uncorrected refractive errors is high among primary schools children. Myopia was common in both sexes.
- The potential risk factors were sex, regular use of computers and higher grade level of students.
- Hence, school health programs should work on health information dissemination and eye health care services provision.
To access the study, click here: https://bmcophthalmol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2415-14-95
To download the full report, click here: Uncorrected refractive error and associated factors among primary school children in Debre Markos District, Northwest Ethiopia