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Uncorrected refractive error and associated factors among primary school children in Debre Markos District, Northwest Ethiopia
Sintayehu Aweke Sewunet , Kassahun Ketema Aredo and Molla Gedefew
Sponsor/Institution: College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Debre Markos University
Publication: BMC Ophthalmology

Published in 2014

  • The objective of the study was to assess the prevalence of uncorrected refractive error and its associated factors among school children in Debre Markos District, Ethiopia.
  • Four hundred thirty two students were randomly selected using a multistage stratified sampling technique.
  • Students with visual acuity less than 6/12 had undergone further examination using auto refractor and cross-checked using spherical and cylindrical lenses.
  • Out of 432 students selected for the study, 420 (97.2%) were in the age group 7–15 years. Overall prevalence of refractive error was 43 (10.2%).
  • Myopia was found among the most dominant 5.47% followed by astigmatism 1.9% and hyperopia 1.4% in both sexes.
  • Female sex, higher grade level, and using computers regularly were significantly associated with refractive error.
  • The burden of uncorrected refractive errors is high among primary schools children. Myopia was common in both sexes.
  • The potential risk factors were sex, regular use of computers and higher grade level of students.
  • Hence, school health programs should work on health information dissemination and eye health care services provision.

To access the study, click here: https://bmcophthalmol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2415-14-95

To download the full report, click here: Uncorrected refractive error and associated factors among primary school children in Debre Markos District, Northwest Ethiopia

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