Published in 2002.
- Refractive error was found to be the cause in 61% of eyes with vision impairment.
- A gradual shift toward less- positive values of refractive error occurred with increasing age in both boys and girls.
- Myopia risk was associated with female gender and having a father with a higher level of schooling.
- Higher risk of myopia in children of older ages was of borderline statistical significance.
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This article was identified as a reference for a VII-commissioned systematic review on the Impact of URE on Children.