- The purpose of this study was to determine the magnitude and pattern of significant refractive errors in primary school children in Kilungu division of Makueni District, Kenya.
- This was a primary school based cross-sectional study conducted with 1,439 Primary school pupils aged 12 and 15 years.
- The prevalence of significant refractive error was 5.2%, and was responsible for 92.6 % of all causes of poor eyesight.
- The prevalence of hypermetropia was 3.2%, followed by myopia, 1.7% and astigmatism 0.3%.
- Myopia was mostly present in children aged 14 to 15 years than those aged 12 to 13 years.
- The overall prevalence of significant refractive errors in children aged 12 to 15 years in Makueni’s Kilungu division at 5.2% was high enough to justify a regular school eye screening in primary schools in Kenya.
Published in 2009.
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