Prevalence and Factors Associated With Refractive Error Among Primary School Children in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Misganaw, C. and Woldeyes, A.
Publication: International Journal of Medical and Health Sciences Research
  • The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence and associated factors of refractive error among primary school children.
  • This was an institution based cross-sectional study conducted with 1,800 students in four elementary schools in Arada and Gullele sub cities.
  • Refractive errors that can be corrected by spectacle in either eye or both were present in 71 students (4%).
  • Of 71 students, 19 (26.7%) had myopia, 12 (17%) of them had Astigmatism, 10 (14%) of them were with Myopic astigmatism, 6 (8.4%) of them had Hyperopia, and 3 (4.2%) of them had Hyperopic astigmatism on both eyes, 21(29.6%) participants.
  • There was an association of age, sex, visual impairment and history of ocular injury with refractive error.
  • Refractive error is a common problem in school age children. The problem is common among female. Myopia is the commonest type of refractive error.

Published in 2014.

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https://ideas.repec.org/a/pkp/ijomah/2014p92-104.html

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