Published in 1992
- In this cross-sectional study, the vision-screening process is described for 8417 children aged 3 to 5 seen for health supervision in a group of 102 pediatric practices in 23 states and Puerto Rico.
- Three hundred forty children who failed screening (63% of those who failed) were followed up 2 months after initial screening.
- The sample was 52% male, 86% white, 9% black, 3% Hispanic, and 1% Asian.
- Vision screening was attempted on 66% of children overall.
- Pediatricians’ reasons for not screening were “not routine” (44%), “too young” (40%), and “screening done previously” (17%). Younger children were less likely to be screened than older children (39% of those aged 3), and Hispanics were less likely to be screened than other ethnic groups (P less than .001). Thirty-three percent of children received no screening for latent strabismus.
- Two months later, 50% of parents whose child had failed a vision test were unaware of this fact on questionnaire follow-up. Eighty-five percent of children referred to an eye specialist had made or kept an appointment.
- It is concluded that pediatricians need to increase vision screening among younger preschool children and communicate more effectively to parents the results of screening failure.
To view the article, click here: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1579390